Know About Your Immune System to Protect You Against Covid-19

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Covid-19 has been a new viral disease that has affected our daily life routine. This pandemic has claimed thousands of lives. SARS-CoV-2 is the new strain of coronavirus, and people have not developed immunity to this disease.

To break the exponential curve, countries are enforcing lockdown and quarantine to control the spread of this highly communicable disease. For healthcare workers and other medical first responders, wearing a medical mask is recommended to protect themselves. Since these masks are in short supply, the general public can use a cloth face mask when in public.

It becomes important that we need to improve our immune system to protect ourselves from this infectious disease. When intruders, either bacteria or virus, enter our body, immune cells respond by producing antibodies.

When pathogens enter our body through the skin, mucus membranes and airways, our innate immune system, that consists of chemicals and cells, need to be induced, to raise the alert and fight off the intruder. When it becomes not enough, our adaptive immune system is to be started and these are called antibodies.

Antibodies consist of cells and proteins and this adaptive immune system is capable of targeting a particular type of pathogens only. This means antibodies that are specific to influenza or any other bacterial pathogens will not respond to COVID-19.

These antibodies target against disease-causing germs, that intrudes our body through touching and breathing contaminated surfaces and air. Vaccines also train our immune system to recognize and fight against pathogens. Vaccines act as a stimulator to our immune system to produce antibodies to a particular virus or bacteria.

Antibodies test is conducted to check whether your immune system is capable of defending against the infection like COVID-19. This test is not for checking whether you have coronavirus, rather it finds out whether you are affected with this virus at any point of time without being positive or you have asymptomatic infection.

These studies on antibody test help determine who can stay safely amidst the threat of COVID-19, without transmitting the virus. The presence of high levels of antibodies in your bloodstream means, you have been exposed to this virus and your immune system has started responding to that virus. It gives a hope that you will retain immunity to the virus.

The best way to keep our immune system in its finest shape is following a healthy lifestyle. Eating a balanced diet, incorporating moderate exercises, reducing stress level, a good sleep, not smoking and no or little alcohol are some good habits to be followed to boost our immune system to tackle pathogens.

Follow the protective measures to prevent infections, like COVID-19, from entering our body by washing your hands frequently with soap and water or using alcohol-based sanitizers, especially after touching high-touch areas. Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth without disinfecting your hands. Maintain social distancing while in public.

Use tissues when you sneeze or cough and throw the tissue in the garbage. If you don’t have tissues handy, you can use your bent elbow. These steps help the reduce spread of COVID-19, to which almost everyone is vulnerable, especially old aged people with chronic health conditions.

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