Diagnosis and Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes


The occurrence of Type 2 diabetes is on the rise, affecting people regardless of their age. For a diabetic patient to manage this condition is a full-time job. It needs dietary and lifestyle changes. While early diagnosis of diabetes can help, the signs and symptoms develop gradually, and it is hard to detect this disease right at the onset. Therefore, it is best to keep in touch with your blood sugar levels after eating and learn as much as you can about diabetes diagnosis.

So, here are a few things you should know about this degenerative disease and its treatment, to continue to lead a healthy life.

Understanding Diabetes

Almost everything that you eat is broken down to produce energy. So, there is a rise in blood sugar levels after eating. When you consume more sugar than your body needs, it gets converted to fat for storage. For this, your body needs insulin, which initiates the storage process by causing glucose to be absorbed into cells. When you have diabetes, your body develops resistance to insulin and is unable to convert the excess sugar into fat for storage. Instead, the excess glucose accumulates in the bloodstream.

Diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes

A diabetes diagnosis is simple and can be done with the following tests:

Glycated Hemoglobin Test: This is a simple process to detect the sugar in your blood for the past two to three months from the date of the test. If the A1C level is between 5.7%-6.4%, it is considered prediabetes. A higher level confirms diabetes.

Fasting Blood Sugar Test: A blood sample is taken before you have consumed food in the morning. If the reading indicates a level between 100 to 125mg/dL, it is a case of prediabetes. In case it is 126 mg/ dL or higher, it means you are suffering from diabetes.

Oral Glucose Tolerance Test: You are required to have a sweetened drink after an overnight fast before the test. This is done because the blood sugar levels after eating or drinking anything containing glucose can be used to detect the condition. In this test, the blood sample is checked at certain intervals for the next two to three hours. After two hours, if the glucose level is 200mg/ dL or higher, it indicates diabetes.

Normal Blood Sugar Test: This is a regular blood test that requires no preparation. If the blood sugar level is 200mg/dL or higher, it is considered diabetes. The test results do not depend on when you last ate. 

If you have a family history of  type 2 diabetes and have been experiencing extreme thirst or constant urination, it’s highly recommended to have these tests for a diabetes diagnosis.

Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes

While there is no cure, a diabetic patient can effectively manage the disease and lead a close to normal life. Here are a few things one can do to manage the disease:

  • Losing 7% to 10% body weight can go a long way in lowering blood sugar levels. Consider switching to healthy foods in small portions to start the weight loss journey. 
  • Walking, swimming and running for half an hour or more every day will keep sugar levels under control. 
  • Keep a constant check on your glucose levels and monitor the changes regularly. 

If these dietary and lifestyle changes don’t seem to be helping, one can opt for insulin therapy to keep the sugar levels under control. 

At every appointment, make sure you discuss your progress with the doctor. Mention that you wish to reverse diabetes and take advice on the proper diet, exercises, and medications.

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