What Are Yellow Nails?
Nails are vulnerable to this condition as a result of the warm, dark and moist conditions made by variables, for example, wearing awkward shoes, not keeping up legitimate cleanliness, and so on. Yellow Nails are commonly not extremely harmful, however, they are appalling to take a gander at and consequently can turn into a reason for embarrassment in social settings. let’s check out what is the causes of yellow nails
Nails primarily consist of a hardened protein called keratin. The same protein also occurs in the hair and skin. Nails comprise multiple parts, including:
- nail plate — the hard, outer shell
- nail folds — the skin around the nail plate
- cuticle — the skin tissue covering the base of the nail that protects newly forming keratin
- lunula — the light-colored semicircle at the base of the nail
- nail bed — the flesh underneath the nail plate
Toenails grow as the living cells under the cuticle replicate and push older, dead cells forward. These dead cells from the hardened nail plate that protects the toe. Part of the toenail turning yellow can be a natural consequence of aging. Changes to the color, thickness, and shape of toenails can occur as a person gets older and should not be cause for concern. However, yellow toenails can also occur for other reasons, some of which may require treatment. These include:
If toenails come into contact with a harmful fungus, this can lead to a fungal nail infection called onychomycosis. Onychomycosis can affect any part of the toenail and may cause it to appear yellow. The infection can also be uncomfortable and make it difficult for a person to walk. “target=”_blank”Fungal infections are a common cause of yellow toenails.
Yellow Nail Syndrome
Yellow nail syndrome is a very rare condition that can cause both fingernails and toenails to turn yellow. The nails may also grow more slowly, lack a cuticle, and damage easily. Yellow nail syndrome also has more severe symptoms, including “target=”_blank”respiratory problems and swelling of the lower limbs. The cause of the condition is unknown, but it is more common in people aged over 50.
Excessive use of nail polish can cause toenails to become discolored. In particular, using red, yellow, or orange nail polish can cause the toenails to appear yellow. Although they may look unpleasant, yellow toenails resulting from too much nail polish are harmless.
Underlying Medical Conditions
Yellow toenails can develop in some people as a symptom of an underlying medical condition, such as:
- thyroid conditions
In people with these conditions, it is very likely that other symptoms will also occur alongside yellow toenails.
It is not always possible to prevent yellow toenails from occurring. However, people can reduce their risk of this symptom by:
- washing the toenails regularly, applying soap or shower gel directly to the feet when showering
- keeping the toenails dry, taking care to dry them properly after washing
- using clean nail clippers
- wearing clean shoes that fit properly and do not put pressure on the toes
- avoiding wearing closed-top shoes all day, particularly in hotter climates
- avoiding swimming in contaminated or dirty water
- wearing clean socks
- airing out sports shoes after use
- exercising regularly to stimulate blood circulation
Treatments for Yellow Toenails
In most cases, yellow toenails are treatable. There are some medications and home remedies that might help cure yellow toenails or help lighten the yellow color. What treatment your doctor recommends will depend on what’s causing the yellow nails. For example, if your yellow toenails are being caused by a fungal infection, you’ll need antifungal medication to treat it. One of the most common prescription antifungal medications is ciclopirox 8 percent solution, which is applied to the nails like nail polish. Other medications that can help cure yellow toenails include applying vitamin E, zinc, and a topical corticosteroid with Vitamin D-3. One study trusted Source found that using antibiotics, such as 400 milligrams of clarithromycin, cleared up yellow toenails. Using antibiotics is especially helpful if there’s an infection present somewhere in the body, like pneumonia.
Home Remedies for Yellow toenails
Two nonprescription “target=”_blank”home remedies that I’ve been studied to treat yellow toenails are Vicks VapoRub (a topical mentholated ointment) and tea tree oil. Studies suggest that tea tree oil isn’t really effective in fighting off fungal infection, but that Vicks VapoRub did work completely in over a quarter of people with yellow toenails and helped cure some of the infection in over half.
When to See Your Doctor?
If you have medical conditions such as diabetes, it can lead to a more serious complication. You should visit your doctor if you have any of these symptoms:
- discoloration (dark or white streaks, or other changes in nail color) unless if it’s due to aging
- changes in toenail shape (curling, clubbing, or spooning) unless if it’s due to aging
- changes in toenail thickness (thickening or thinning) unless if it’s due to aging
- toenails become brittle
- toenails are pitted
- bleeding around toenails
- swelling or redness around toenails
- pain around toenails
- a toenail separating from the skin
Don’t take any chance and see your doctor immediately.
Having yellow toenails can be less serious in the event that it is brought about by maturing or synthetic substances from makeup, for example, nail polish. On the opposite side of the coin, it could likewise be increasingly serious if it’s because of a disease. In this way, it is imperative to rehearse great nail cleanliness to stay away from such complications later on.